Almost every week we hear of another man freed from prison after years of incarceration because the false accusations that sent them to prison were proven false. Even if there is no conviction, a false allegation of sexual assault or rape can emotionally, socially, and economically destroy a person. Such accusations are a form of psychological rape that is not included in the traditional definition of “rape.” And false accusations are not studied enough because it’s politically incorrect to talk about. Meanwhile the names of the accusers are often protected while the names of the accused are not. False accusations are hard to measure and there is not much available research, but the existing research shows the problem is much more common than we are told…
False accusations of sexual assault are rape of a different color
The June 2014 article False Allegations in the U.S. Government, Published by AmericanAnalyst makes the case that we need to take false accusations much more seriously whether we as a society wants to or not. The article also shares links to reputable and revealing research. If you are interested in this topic reading this article is a great way to become more knowledgeable about the serious consequences and implications of false sexual assault and rape accusations.
According to an expert quoted in the CBC News Story Below, “for a four-year period from 2003-2007, 31 per cent of sexual assault claims that Ottawa Police investigated were dismissed as unfounded — that is, they never happened — as opposed to unsubstantiated, where there isn’t enough evidence to follow the case.”
The claim that only 2% of rape accusations are false is totally unfounded and is purportedly based on FBI crime data (though we have yet to see this confirmed), and crime data is never a reliable source to project upon the population as a whole, as compared to empirical research. But no matter what the numbers are, there is no excuse for the lack of attention to the problem. Falsely accused persons are victims too, and to deny or downplay the experiences of those victims is an hypocritical form of victim-blaming.
Much more attention and research is needed in this area. False accusers should be prosecuted (they rarely are) and face same punishment their accused could receive. And the names of the accused should be protected as much as the names of the accusers. For more, see The False Rape Society. http://falserapesociety.blogspot.com/
False accusations of rape and sexual assault are very hard to measure. But the research ranges from about 9% up to 60%. Most likely it is somewhere in between and probably varies by location, time, and context.
According to the FBI (www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/1996/96sec2.pdf), “The ‘unfounded’ rate, or percentage of complaints determined through investigation to be false, is higher for forcible rape than for any other Index crime. Eight percent of forcible rape complaints in 1996 were “unfounded,” while the average for all Index crimes was 2 percent.
But that figure is very conservative. It does not include false claims made to non-police entities like universities, or false claims that were never proven false and only get classified as “unsubstantiated.”
In a nine-year study of 109 rapes reported to the police in a Midwestern city, Purdue sociologist Eugene J. Kanin reported that in 41% of the cases the complainants eventually admitted that no rape had occurred. In a follow-up study of rape claims filed over a three-year period at two large Midwestern universities, Kanin found that of 64 rape cases, 50% turned out to be false. Among the false charges, 53% of the women admitted they filed the false claim as an alibi. Kanin, EJ, Archives of Sexual Behavior, Vol. 23, No. 1, 1994.
Dr. Kanin had previously been praised by feminists for his research on the frequency of rape. But his research on false accusations received very little attention.
A study in India found 18% of rape accusations are false and are often “coached.”
In a study by the U.S. Air Force, about one-forth of rape accusers recanted just before taking a lie detector test or after failing one. Further research found 60% of the accusations were false. The most common reasons given were spite or revenge, feelings of guilt or shame, or to cover up an affair. McDowell, Charles P., Ph.D. “False Allegations.” Forensic Science Digest, (publication of the U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations), Vol. 11, No. 4 (December 1985), p. 64. (see Center for Military Readiness article “Sex, Lies, and Rape” for an excellent discussion of false accusations).
According University of Ottawa Criminal Lawyer Blane Crew, “… for a four-year period from 2003-2007, 31 per cent of sexual assault claims that Ottawa Police investigated were dismissed as unfounded — that is, they never happened — as opposed to unsubstantiated, where there isn’t enough evidence to follow the case. ”
Moreover, a 1996 Department of Justice report shows that, “…in about 25% of the sexual assault cases referred to the FBI, the primary suspect has been excluded by forensic DNA testing. It should be noted that rape involves a forcible and non-consensual act, and a DNA match alone does not prove that rape occurred. So the 25% figure substantially underestimates the true extent of false allegations. Connors E, Lundregan T, Miller N, McEwen T. Convicted by juries, exonerated by science: Case studies in the use of DNA evidence to prove innocence after trial, June 1996.
The myth that only two percent of rape accusations are false, often falsely attributed to FBI data, is not credible and has been debunked. Greer, The Truth Behind Legal Dominance Feminism’s ‘Two Percent False Rape Claim’ Figure, 33 Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 947.
Falsely accused men are disproportionately African-American men. Innocence Project: Facts on post-conviction DNA exoneration.
Feminist groups not only downplay the statistical reality of false accusations but have been eroding the due process rights of the accused especially on college campuses, such as by lowering the standard of proof to a mere preponderance of evidence, removing the right to challenge the accuser, and placing the decision in the hands of college administrators who will essentially wind up being very biased kangaroo court type “hearings.”
Many college men are now suing their colleges for kicking them out without a proper hearing. UPDATED: List of Lawsuits Against Colleges and Universities Alleging Due Process Violations in Adjudicating Sexual Assault Also see: NCFM Carolinas and AVoiceforMaleStudents websites for comprehensive information.
There is more of a false accusation culture than “rape culture” on campuses. The Duke Lacrosse players were kicked off their team, vilified, and mobbed at their homes before there ever any hearing. They were lucky to have had enough money behind them to hire good attorneys. Most men do not. Brian Banks spent years in jail before his accuser admitted no rape occurred. These stories are the tip of the iceberg.
Here are just a few sample stories about false accusations:
Here are just a few sample stories about false accusations:
Female rapists sentenced for rape and false accusation. And, her name was not released to the press!
No matter what the numbers are, there is no excuse for the lack of attention to the problem. Falsely accused persons are victims too, and to deny or downplay the experiences of those victims is a hypocritical form of victim-blaming.
Much more attention and research is needed in this area. False accusers should be prosecuted and face same or similar punishment their accused could receive. And the names of the accused should be protected as much as the names of the accusers. For more, see information at the False Rape Society.