The male foreskin is a highly innervated erogenous organ that is dense with specialized mucosa and over 20,000 high sensory nerve endings. It acts as a natural buffer and lubricant during sex. Researchers using fine-touch medical instruments shows it is the most sensitive part of the penis. That might explain why a recent study in Denmark found circumcised men have a much higher rate of sexual problems than intact men. Research also found circumcised men are five times more likely to suffer from premature ejaculation than intact men.
Male genital mutilation (MGM), or “circumcision,” is gynecologically equivalent to removing a girl’s clitoral foreskin, the most common form of female genital mutilation (FGM). All forms of FGM are illegal in the U.S. despite similar purported health benefits as MGM and despite certain cultures that support it. Even a small ceremonial incision on a girl’s genitals is illegal. Ayaan Hirsi Ali, a known opponent of FGM, explains how MGM can be even worse than FGM.
Most men throughout the world are not circumcised. Europeans, Latin Americans, Asian/Pacific Islanders, Africans, and American Indians, generally do not mutilate their boys, with some exceptions. Boys in those cultures learn to wash with soap and water just as girls do, which is all that is needed.
National medical associations throughout the world either oppose or don’t recommend MGM. Most notably, a recent report by the Dutch Medical Association, representing 46,000 physicians and medical students and backed by seven other medical associations, explains that the male foreskin is an important erotogenic structure for which no medical benefit justifies its routine removal, that it is comparable to certain forms of FGM, and that it violates children’s rights to bodily integrity.
Likewise, the Swedish Paediatric Society has called infant male circumcision an assault on boys.
The British and Australian medical associations both recently denounced any medical justification for routine infant male circumcision.
Even the Children’s Rights International Network lists male circumcision as a human rights violation.
In this moving video of a baby boy being mutilated, psychologists explain that MGM is not only extremely painful to an infant but also how it can cause lifetime trauma. www.youtube.com/watch?v=UAGNnqyNidY www.cirp.org/library/psych/boyle6/
Non-religious circumcision has been traced to the prevention of masturbation in both sexes. In the United States and in England, circumcision was initially popularized to prevent boys from masturbating. Eventually, the English stopped doing it. The U.S., however, has continuously tried to find medical justifications for it. Circumcision has historically been a cure looking for a disease, constantly being claimed to prevent one disease after another and repeatedly disproved afterwards. For more, see www.circumstitions.com/
In Manila they recently used a soccer stadium to genitally mutilate 1,500 boys without anesthesia to make the Guinness Book of World Records for the most circumcisions performed on boys nine and older! Fortunately, the Guinness Book of World Records wanted nothing to do with this horrendously bloody event.
Recently, three clinical trials in Africa found that MGM reduces the chances of HIV in Africa, and as a result the World Health Organization recommended circumcising adult men in sub Saharan African to prevent HIV. But the research has been highly controverted. See http://allafrica.com/stories/201203210706.html
The South African Medical Journal has vehemently challenged the faulty studies that claim circumcision reduces HIV. The South African Medical Association expressed “serious concern that not enough scientifically-based evidence was available to confirm that circumcisions prevented HIV contraction and that the public at large was influenced by incorrect and misrepresented information,” and also stated infant MGM is unethical and illegal.
“Controversy is rife over the findings that male circumcision can reduce female-to-male HIV transmission by up to 60 percent. New research has cast doubt on the supposed efficacy of the procedure with an article in the December Australian Journal of Law and Medicine citing numerous flaws in the Kenya, South Africa and Uganda studies.” Doctors in Uganda and elsewhere have challenged the findings as well.
Numerous observational studies in Africa contradict the findings of the clinical trials. For example, this recent study, Male Circumcision in the General Population of Kisumu, Kenya: Beliefs about Protection, Risk Behaviors, HIV, and STIs, found no association between circumcision and high rates of HIV.
A 2007 study by Gregory J. Boyle and George Hillalso found no association.
According to a report by USAID, “There appears no clear pattern of association between male circumcision and HIV prevalence—in 8 of 18 countries with data, HIV prevalence is lower among circumcised men, while in the remaining 10 countries it is higher.”
Reports in Zimbabwe, Uganda and elsewhere show circumcision is increasing HIV rates because the men think it makes them immune.
Renowned Dr. Dean Edell called the African/HIV conclusions “silly” and warned, “it will backfire.” explaining the gender double standard and how condoms and education are the solution, etc. www.youtube.com/watch?v=OlsUg0sdAtE
The President of Uganda has rejected circumcision as an HIV preventative and declared the research to be misleading.
And according to a military study, MGM does not affect HIV rates in American men.
Even if MGM did reduce the chances of HIV, it would not justify the mutilation of a baby boy’s penis without his consent. It would not be justified to remove a testicle from a baby boy just to reduce his chances of testicular tumors and cancer by 50 percent.
It’s his body, and his choice.
For more on MGM, visit:
- 1. The Whole Network www.thewholenetwork.org
- 2. Circumcision Resource Center www.circumcision.org
- 3. Attorneys for the Rights of the Child www.arclaw.org
- 4. Beyond the Bris www.beyondthebris.com/